Benefits of Using Lithium Ion Battery For Electric Scooter
Your electric scooter's lithium-ion battery is called the "fuel tank." It stores the power that is used by the DC motor, lights, controller, and other parts. Most electric scooters would have some kind of lithium-ion battery pack because it holds a lot of energy and lasts a long time. Lead-acid batteries are used in many cheap electric scooters for kids and other cheap models.
A scooter's battery pack is made up of separate cells and a piece of technology called a "battery management device" that makes it safe to run. When measured in watt-hours, battery packs with more power can make an electric scooter go farther. But they also make the scooter bigger and heavier, making it less easy to carry. Also, batteries are one of the most expensive parts of a scooter, which makes the total cost go up. Below we have highlighted some of the important points on consumers should use Lithium Ion batteries for electric scooters.
Electric Scooter Lithium-Ion Battery
Lithium-ion batteries have a great energy density, which is the amount of energy they hold in relation to how much they weigh. Lithium-ion batteries, which are also termed "Li-Ion" or "Lithium" dry cell batteries, use lithium salts as their electrolyte to discharge electrons through chemical reactions that store energy.
Due to the damage caused by heat and its sensitivity to high temperatures, there is a chance that a lithium battery could explode. Because of this, all manufacturers must build complex security and safety systems that meet EU safety directives. They are also very durable, which means they can be regularly drained and recharged, or "cycled," without losing their ability to store energy. Li-ion is a term for many different types of batteries that use lithium-ion. Here are some:
Lithium manganate oxide (LiMn2O4)
Lithium, nickel, and manganese (LiNiMnCoO2)
Lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide (LiNiCoAlO2)
Lithium, nickel, and cobalt oxide (LiCoO2)
Lithium cobalt oxide is a chemical compound (LiCoO2)
Lithium phosphate with iron (LiFePO4).
When it comes to batteries, these chemicals are a trade-off between protection, durability, power, and how well they handle the current.
Pros of Using an Electric Scooter with a Lithium-Ion Battery
1. High Density
Lithium is the lightest element we know of. It also has the highest electrochemical potential and the most energy per weight. The energy density of lithium-ion batteries for e-scooter is twice as high as that of nickel-cadmium. The characteristics of the loads are pretty good, and when they discharge, they act like nickel-cadmium. The high cell voltage of 3.6 volts makes it possible to make battery packs with only one cell. Cell phones of today all run on a single cell.
2. Easy to take care of
Lithium-ion is a battery that doesn't need much care, which is something that can't be said about any other chemical. A lead-acid battery takes 8–9 hours to charge, while a Li-ion battery is 90% charged in two hours and fully charged in just three hours. There is no need to make the battery last longer, and it does not need to be cycled or primed for a long time. There only needs to be one regular charge.
3. Self-discharge is pretty low
For nickel-based batteries, self-discharge is less than half of that. Compared to nickel-cadmium, lithium-ion has less than half the amount of self-discharge, which makes it a better choice for modern fuel gauges. When they are thrown away, lithium-ion cells don't hurt anything.
4. No need to change the battery
After 1.5 years of use, a lead-acid battery's capacity is about half of what it was at first. After three years of use, a Li-ion battery's capacity is about 75% of what it was at first. Since an E-scooter needs to last at least three years, but Li-ion batteries don't, the current lead-acid batteries need to be replaced.
5. Traveling in a way that is good for the environment
A scooter with an engine gives off dangerous gases like CO, HC, and NO. An E-scooter powered by electricity from a Li-ion battery, on the other hand, is safe for both people and the environment because it doesn't pollute. Also, special cells can give very high amounts of current to things like power tools.
Cons of Using a Lithium-Ion Battery for an Electric Scooter
As with other technologies, the pros and cons need to be weighed against each other. Even though lithium-ion battery technology has some problems, this doesn't mean that these problems can't be fixed or at least made less of a problem and great results are still being achieved. Knowing the drawbacks makes sure that the workaround will also be used to lessen the drawbacks' effects.
1. Likely to get old, even if not used
One of the most important problems with lithium-ion batteries for consumer devices is that they wear out over time. After a year, your scooter's battery will lose some of its power whether you use it or not. Most batteries die after two to three years. It's important to remember that other compounds often show signs of deterioration that get worse with age. Batteries will also only be able to charge and discharge 500–1000 times before their power starts to go down. This number is going up as li-ion technology gets better, but batteries need to be replaced after a while, which can be hard to do if they are in machinery.
2. Keeping safe
A protective circuit is needed to make sure that the voltage and current stay within safe limits. Lithium-ion batteries don't last as long as some other types of rechargeable materials. They need to be kept from getting too charged or too empty. Also, they have to keep the present within stable limits. So, one of the problems with lithium-ion batteries is that they need safety circuitry that is optimized to make sure they stay within their safe operating limits. It is fragile and needs a safety chain to make sure it works safely.
Part of the safety circuitry is that the temperature of the cell is kept from getting too high. Most sets limit the total charge and discharge current to between 1 ° C and 2 ° C. Even though they charge quickly, some get a little warm sometimes.
The price is one of the biggest problems with lithium-ion batteries. Most of the time, they cost about 40% more to make than nickel-cadmium cells. This is an important thing to think about when thinking about how to use them in mass-produced consumer goods, where extra costs are a big deal.